Read Naturally shares Hasbrouck-Tindal’s Table of Oral Reading Fluency Norms. This Oral Reading Fluency Chart allows you to compare your child’s oral reading rate to his peers.
A few pieces of information will help you to understand the data:
- The Hasbrouck-Tindal oral reading fluency chart uses WCPM (Words Correct Per Minute) as a measure. In my post, Timed Repeated Reading, I use WPM (Words Per Minute) to mean the same thing.
- The second column in the oral reading fluency chart is Percentile. They list 90, 75, 50, 25 and 10 percentiles. A percentile is not a percentage. A percentile is based on a peer group of 100. 90%ile (percentile) means the given child performs better than 90 of his peers. (It does not mean that he answered 90% of the questions correctly.) 9 of his peers perform better than him. Another way to express this is that the child is in the top 10% of his peer group. 50%ile means the given child performs better than 50 of his peers. 49 of his peers perform better than him. A child performing at the 50%ile for a given skill is perfectly average; he is smack in the middle. 25%ile to 75%ile is considered to be in the average range.
- The third, fourth and fifth columns in the oral reading fluency chart compares WCPM from the Fall, Winter and Spring of a given school year. You can observe the typical growth over the course of a school year.
- The sixth column in the oral reading fluency chart shows the number of words a child, based on his percentile level, typically gains in his WCPM count each week.
By viewing the Oral Reading Fluency Chart, you can see the vast difference in oral reading fluency rates between the 90%ile child and the 10%ile child. There is even a gigantic difference between the 50%ile child and the 10%ile child. This evidence confirms the importance of incorporating fluency training into lesson plans with emergent and beginning readers.